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Health Occupations

nursing and dental research resources

Finding Nursing & Medical Articles in the Library & on the Web

Scholarly Research Sources
For Consumer Health

What Are Peer-Reviewed & Scholarly Articles?

What is meant by a scholarly source?  

  • They are written by experts - it will show the author's credentials or affiliations.
  • They are written for other experts or researchers 
  • They use scholarly language with technical, discipline specific vocabulary.
  • They are transparent in showing their work so readers can verify information, often this is in the form of references or a bibliography
  • They may be peer reviewed, which is an extra step where other experts review and assess the information. Click to the other tabs in this box to see more about peer-review.

Here's a diagram showing what a scholarly article looks like

Here's a short interactive form to help you decide if an article you found is scholarly

Q: What does "peer-reviewed" mean?
A: If an article has been peer-reviewed before being published, it means that the article has been reviewed by other scholars in the same field of study ("peers").
The reviewers have commented on the article, not only noting typos and possible errors, but also giving a judgment about whether the article has been researched and written well (the authors are building on other reliable research, the methods for the study are good and authors are drawing appropriate conclusions..)
Q: If a piece of information wasn't peer-reviewed, does that mean that I can't trust it?
A: No. Many newspapers and magazines do fact-checking. Government web sites like and are trustworthy and have excellent data and statistics. Consult and use a variety of sources to verify the information. When in doubt, ask your instructor or a librarian.
Q: How do I find a peer-reviewed article?
A: Start in the library's databases recommended on this guide or use the "Find It" search and check the "peer-reviewed" checkbox.  Then look the article over for signs like: the authors have PhD or MD degrees; the article has an abstract and is trying to answer a research question or hypothesis; and the article has many references at the end.  If in doubt, ask a librarian or your instructor.
Q: If I get an article from a peer-reviewed journal, that means it's peer-reviewed, right?
A: No, there are other types of articles in peer-reviewed journals:
  • Literature reviews
  • Columns or editorials (opinions)
  • News
  • Announcements of new research projects

Articles - Consumer Health