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Book Examples (APA)

Basic Format for Books (APA)
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capitalize first letter of subtitle. Location: Publisher.


One Author
Wellock, D. (2015). Health and nutrition for dogs and cats: A guide for pet parents. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Two Authors 
Terhune, T.R., & Hays, B. A. (2015). Land your dream career in college: The complete guide to success. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
More Than Two Authors
Liebman, J. S., Crowley, S., Markquart, A., Rosenberg, L., White, L. G., & Zharkovsky, D. (2014). The wrong carlos: Anatomy of a wrongful execution. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Corporate Author
Solar Energy International. (2014). Photovoltaics design and installation manual: Renewable energy education for a sustainable future. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Press.
Zott, L. M. (Ed.). (2015). Women's health: Opposing viewpoints. Greenhaven Press.


Work in Anthology or Collection (or Single Chapter in Edited Volume)
Buchanan, A. (2014). Protective factors in family relationships. In M. M. Merviö (Ed.), Contemporary social issues in East Asian societies: Examining the spectrum of public and private spheres (pp. 76-85). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.


Introduction, Preface, Foreword or Afterword
Mast, T. (2007). Introduction. In R. A. Kelly, Energy supply and renewable resources (pp. i-ix). New York, NY: Facts on File.


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Periodical Examples (APA)

Basic Format for Periodicals (APA)
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Publication Date). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Periodicalvolume number(issue number), pages.


Magazine Article (APA)
Fisher, D. (2008, November 24). A brief history of energy boondoggles. Forbes, 82.


Scholarly Journal Article (w/ DOI)
O'Connor, D., & Hou, D. (2019). More haste, less speed in replenishing China's groundwater. Nature, 569(7757), 487.
Scholarly Journal Article
Schimmoller, B. K. (2004). Renewable energy enters commercial era. Power Engineering, 108(4), 28-41.


Haggas, C. (2009, February 15). [Review of the book Clean Energy Nation: Freeing America from the Tyranny of Fossil Fuels by J. McNerney & M. Creek].  Booklist, 22.


Newspaper Article
Wald, M. L. (2009, July 13). Debate on clean energy leads to regional divide. New York Times, pp. 13A.


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Website Examples

Basic Format

Author, A. A. & Author B. B. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from

If no author is listed, begin with the page Title, followed by date and the rest of the citation:

Title of page [Format description when necessary]. (Date of publication). Retrieved from

If no publication date is listed, use the abbreviation (n.d.) in place of the date:

Author, A. A. & Author B. B. (n.d.). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from

If you expect the page's content to change with some frequency, add date accessed:

Author, A. A. & Author B. B. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved Month DD, YYYY from


Website Examples
About. (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2019 from
Pulses: Nutritious Seeds for a Sustainable Future [PDF file]. (2016). Retrieved from


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